what is Hepatitis B


What is Hepatitis B

Symptoms & reasons
Diagnosis & treatment
Doctors & departments

Your medical doctor will examine you and search for signs of liver damage, along with yellowing pores and skin or stomach ache. Tests which could help diagnose hepatitis B or its headaches are:

Blood assessments. Blood tests can locate signs of the hepatitis B virus in your frame and tell your medical doctor whether it is acute or chronic. A simple blood check also can decide if you're proof against the circumstance.
Liver ultrasound. A special ultrasound known as brief elastography can show the quantity of liver damage.
Liver biopsy. Your physician would possibly remove a small pattern of your liver for testing (liver biopsy) to test for liver harm. During this check, your physician inserts a skinny needle via your pores and skin and into your liver and eliminates a tissue pattern for laboratory analysis.
Screening healthy human beings for hepatitis B
Doctors every so often check sure healthy humans for hepatitis B infection due to the fact the virus can harm the liver before causing symptoms and signs and symptoms. Talk in your medical doctor approximately screening for hepatitis B contamination if you:

Are pregnant
Live with a person who has hepatitis B
Have had many sexual partners
Have had sex with someone who has hepatitis B
Are a person who has intercourse with men
Have a history of a sexually transmitted contamination
Have HIV or hepatitis C
Have a liver enzyme test with unexplained abnormal outcomes
Receive kidney dialysis
Take medicinal drugs that suppress the immune device, such as those used to save you rejection after an organ transplant
Use unlawful injected pills
Are in jail
Were born in a country wherein hepatitis B is not unusual, consisting of Asia, the Pacific Islands, Africa and Eastern Europe
Have parents or followed kids from places in which hepatitis B is common, including Asia, the Pacific Islands, Africa and Eastern Europe
Treatment to save you hepatitis B infection after exposure
If you already know you have been uncovered to the hepatitis B virus and aren't sure if you've been vaccinated, call your health practitioner without delay. An injection of immunoglobulin (an antibody) given within 12 hours of publicity to the virus may also help protect you from getting unwell with hepatitis B. Because this remedy most effective presents brief-term protection, you furthermore mght must get the hepatitis B vaccine at the equal time, if you in no way obtained it.

Treatment for acute hepatitis B infection
If your health practitioner determines your hepatitis B infection is acute — that means it is short-lived and will go away on its very own — you can now not need remedy. Instead, your doctor might endorse rest, proper nutrients and masses of fluids whilst your body fights the contamination. In excessive cases, antiviral tablets or a sanatorium live is needed to save you complications.

Treatment for persistent hepatitis B contamination
Most humans identified with continual hepatitis B infection want remedy for the rest of their lives. Treatment facilitates reduce the risk of liver ailment and forestalls you from passing the contamination to others. Treatment for persistent hepatitis B may also consist of:

Antiviral medications. Several antiviral medicinal drugs — along with entecavir (Baraclude), tenofovir (Viread), lamivudine (Epivir), adefovir (Hepsera) and telbivudine (Tyzeka) — can assist fight the virus and slow its capacity to damage your liver. These tablets are taken by means of mouth. Talk for your physician approximately which medication might be proper for you.
Interferon injections. Interferon alfa-2b (Intron A) is a person-made version of a substance produced by the body to combat infection. It's used particularly for younger humans with hepatitis B who want to avoid long-term remedy or girls who might need to get pregnant inside a few years, after completing a finite direction of therapy. Interferon have to not be used for the duration of pregnancy. Side consequences may additionally consist of nausea, vomiting, issue respiratory and despair.
Liver transplant. If your liver has been critically damaged, a liver transplant can be an option. During a liver transplant, the general practitioner eliminates your damaged liver and replaces it with a healthful liver. Most transplanted livers come from deceased donors, even though a small variety come from living donors who donate a element of their livers.
Other pills to treat hepatitis B are being evolved.

Clinical trials
Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and checks as a way to save you, detect, treat or manage this disorder.

Lifestyle and home remedies
If you've got been inflamed with hepatitis B, take steps to shield others from the virus.

Make sex safer. If you're sexually energetic, tell your partner you've got HBV and communicate about the hazard of transmitting it to her or him. Use a brand new latex condom each time you've got sex, however remember that condoms reduce however don't take away the danger.
Tell your sexual accomplice to get examined. Anyone with whom you have had intercourse needs to be tested for the virus. Your companions additionally need to know their HBV status in order that they don't infect others.
Don't proportion personal care items. If you use IV tablets, never share needles and syringes. And do not share razor blades or toothbrushes, which can also convey lines of infected blood.
Coping and assist
If you've got been identified with hepatitis B contamination, the following hints would possibly help you cope:

Learn approximately hepatitis B. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is a good location to start.
Stay linked to pals and circle of relatives. You can not spread hepatitis B thru informal contact, so don't reduce yourself off from folks that can provide aid.
Take care of yourself. Eat a healthful weight loss program full of fruits and vegetables, exercising often, and get sufficient sleep.
Take care of your liver. Don't drink alcohol or take prescription or over the counter pills with out consulting your physician. Get tested for hepatitis A and C. Get vaccinated for hepatitis A if you haven't been uncovered.
Preparing to your appointment
You're in all likelihood to begin by way of seeing your family health practitioner or a preferred practitioner. However, in some cases, you will be referred without delay to a consultant. Doctors who specialise in treating hepatitis B include:

Doctors who deal with digestive sicknesses (gastroenterologists)
Doctors who treat liver diseases (hepatologists)
Doctors who treat infectious illnesses
What you can do
Here's some records to help you get ready in your appointment.

Be privy to pre-appointment regulations. When you're making the appointment, ask if there may be anything you need to do earlier, which include restrict your weight-reduction plan.
Write down your symptoms, together with any which could seem unrelated to the purpose for that you scheduled the appointment.
Write down key non-public records, which include fundamental stresses or latest existence modifications.
Make a listing of all medicines, nutrients and dietary supplements you're taking.
Consider taking a member of the family or buddy alongside. Someone who accompanies you can help you take into account the facts you get hold of.
Write down questions to ask your physician.
Listing questions for your medical doctor can help you make the maximum of a while together. For hepatitis B infection, some fundamental questions to ask your physician consist of:

What is in all likelihood causing my signs and symptoms or condition?
Other than the maximum in all likelihood cause, what are different feasible reasons for my signs and symptoms or condition?
What assessments do I need?
Is my circumstance in all likelihood temporary or persistent?
Has hepatitis B broken my liver or brought about different complications, consisting of kidney issues?
What is the fine direction of action?
What are the options to the number one method you are suggesting?
I have other health situations. How can I first-rate manipulate them together?
Are there restrictions that I want to comply with?
Should I see a specialist?
Should my family be examined for hepatitis B?
How can I shield human beings around me from hepatitis B?
Is there a usual alternative to the medicine you're prescribing?
Are there brochures or other printed cloth I can have? What web sites do you recommend?
What to expect out of your health practitioner
Your physician is probably to invite you a number of questions, inclusive of:

When did your signs and symptoms begin?
Have your signs and symptoms been continuous or occasional?
How intense are your signs?
What, if something, appears to improve your signs and symptoms?
What, if some thing, appears to get worse your symptoms?
Have you ever had a blood transfusion?
Do you inject capsules?
Have you had unprotected sex?
How many sexual partners have you ever had?
Have you been diagnosed with hepatitis?

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